Saint Peter's Basilica

For centuries the ancient Basilica of San Pietro in the Vatican has welcomed all those faithful who, every year, go to Rome on pilgrimage

The work of St. Peter’s Basilica officially began on April 18, 1506 under the pontificate of Pope Julius II. However, the history of the complex is much older, dating back to the 4th century AD. when the edict of Milan (or edict of Constantine) was signed. This agreement provided for freedom of worship for all citizens of the Eastern and Western Roman Empire, and was a key step in the spread of Christianity. After 313 (year of the edict) churches and basilicas were built to host the various religious services.

The Basilica of San Pietro, symbol of Christianity, was in fact built in 333 on the site of Circo Caligola where Pietro was crucified.

Places in Saint Peter’s Basilica

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Did you know that the ancient St Peter’s Basilica in Vatican is also known as Constantine Basilica?

The ancient Basilica of San Pietro in Vatican, also known as Constantine’s Basilica, was located in the same area occupied by the existing building currently. It was founded by Constantine, immediately after that of San Giovanni in Laterano, during the pontificate of Pope Silvestro I (314-335).     The location, which gave considerable problems to the construction, was chosen to …

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You won’t believe it, but inside the Vatican City there is a 4 meter pine cone

The Vatican bronze pinecone is a colossal and ancient bronze sculpture, also called Pignone, which has been in the Vatican for many centuries now. It is currently located in the Cortile della Pigna Courtyard (to which it gives its name) in the complex of the Vatican Museums. It is a Roman work of the second century, which bears the signature …

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